Tuesday, December 13, 2011

Speaking of Calvinism and Missions

Speaking of Calvinism and Missions, from yesterday's post, it is quite providential that Dan Philips has an excellent article on Matthew 28:19. at Pyromaniacs today.

Dan does an excellent job of showing that the Aorist participle, "going" has command force. "go and make disciples". He points us to Dan Wallace's Greek Grammar Beyond the Basics for confirmation.

The main verb in command/imperative form is "make disciples" or "disciple".

Dan's article is much better explaining how the first verbal form "Go" relates to the second verb command, "disciple". This is much more accurate than the passive sort of way that many have taught this, "as you go".

The first participle, "going" has command force, "go and disciple all nations" .

The second two participles (baptizing and teaching) are adverbial participles, seems to be, by context, modifying the main verb, "disciple", as the methods by which the nations are discipled - "by" - nations are discipled, by baptizing and by teaching.

by baptizing (which includes preaching and evangelizing; and the nations -ta ethna ( τα εθνη ) where we get the English ideas of ethnicity, ethnic, cultures (ethnities, peoples, people groups, cultures, languages - Revelation 5:9) - also includes culture and language learning as applications.

by teaching

And the nations cannot be discipled without the going part either, they are also parallel and indicate methods by which we "disciple all nations":

so the structure is:

"Go !" and

Disciple all nations (main verb)

by baptizing

by teaching

But since the "going" is Aorist, and first, and is linked directly to the command "to make disciples"; then it has that command force and nuance that Dan's article so excellently explicates.

And part of the "going" includes "sending" by a local, Biblical church - see Acts 13:1-4 - the church sent them out (verse 3) and the Holy Spirit sent them out.(verse 4) See also Romans 10:13-15

How shall they hear without a preacher?
How shall they preach unless they are sent?

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